Praxiling UMR 5267 CNRS-Montpellier III
Session JEP poster P5 Jeudi 12 Juin - 10h30 12h30
Effets du voisement sur les obstruentes en arabe moderne
- Mohamed Embarki ( Praxiling UMR 5267 CNRS-Montpellier III)
- Christian Guilleminot ( Centre Tesnière, EA 2283, Université Franche-Comté, Besançon)
- Mohamed Yeou ( Université Bouchaib Doukkali, El Jadida)
- Sallal Al-Maqtari ( Université de Sanaa)
- Résumé : The present paper examines the voicing effects in Modern Arabic. Data, consisting of 78 different VC syllable contexts (36 voiced syllables and 42 voiceless syllables), was produced by 16 speakers. 3736 tokens were analyzed, they showed that voicing affects the duration of the consonant and the vowel. The voiced consonant is shorter (83 ms), compared with the voiceless consonant (118 ms), whereas the vowel is longer when followed by a voiced consonant (103 ms), compared with a voiceless consonant (86 ms). A hierarchy was observed for this correlation to be dependent on manner of articulation (stop vs. fricative) and on vowel quantity (long vs. short).
Session JEP poster P6 Jeudi 12 Juin - 10h30 12h30
L'évolution du phonétisme arabe et la résistance coarticulatoire
- Mohamed Embarki ( Praxiling UMR5267 CNRS-Montpellier III)
- Résumé : This study relies on the articulatory commentary of the early Arab grammarians on the Classical Arabic (CA) consonants (VIII-XII century). 4 consonants were picked up from the Arab inventory: 3 consonants appeared in Al-Khalil's (died in 786) commentary as post-palatal, and the last one as pre-palatal. The stability of the four graphemes allowed the comparison between the articulation in CA and Modern Arabic (MA). The results show that the phonetic values of these consonants have evolved. The phonetic values are unanimous in exhibiting the fronting of the four articulations. They all split from a back to a front articulation. The reasons of this fronting are undoubtedly linked to a better control of the main articulator, the tongue, and to a good optimisation of the coarticulatory process.